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What Is A Frozen Section Examination?

Frozen tissue examination is a special kind of biopsy method that permits the surgeon to make a quick diagnosis of a suspicious mass during surgery. The scientific name of this method is cryosection. Frozen sections were performed during surgery on patients with pelvic and ovarian masses while the patient was under anesthesia.

While the patient is sleeping, the surgeon removes tissue from suspicious lumps in the ovaries or uterus and sends it to the pathologist in the operating room. The pathologist freezes the tissue with liquid nitrogen, cuts it, and then stains it with a special dye solution so that it is visible under a microscope. However, if you are also looking to give the frozen tissue samples visit so as to examine the problem hidden inside you.

Frozen section procedure - Wikipedia

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The diagnosis from the frozen section is sent back to the surgeon while the patient is still under general anesthesia. Because this procedure prolongs surgery, your surgeon will make an initial diagnosis of whether the suspicious mass is benign or cancerous.

If benign, surgery may be more limited or more conservative. If the tissue is cancerous, more tissue such as mesh, lymph nodes must be removed to determine the extent of cancer, which provides important information for further postoperative treatment options.

After surgery, any tissue removed during surgery is examined under a microscope, which is the most accurate method. However, this takes 1 to 2 days and therefore the surgeon does not get any results during the operation. The tissue is placed in a fixative solution, embedded in wax, cut into thin slices, and then stained for viewing under a microscope.