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bookmark_borderHow to deal with foot corns and calluses?

Foot doctors frequently get asked this, both in clinical situations and in family occasions. Corns don't have roots. When a podiatrist gets rid of a corn, they actually do have a tendency to return, and not as they have roots. Corns return because the reason for the corn or callus remains. A corn is an region of skin, usually on a toe that becomes thicker and uncomfortable. The cause of that thickened region of skin is too much pressure. It's very normal for the skin to get thicker to protect itself. Look at what occurs after you chop loads of wood and develop a callus on the hands. That's a normal protecting physiological of the skin thickening up to take care of itself. Once you stop chopping wood, the calluses disappear altogether as the stress that caused them has stopped.

It is the identical process with a corn or callus on the feet. The skin gets thicker in a reaction to force. There are actually many reasons for that elevated stress. There may be a bunion or claw toes or a fallen metatarsal or the shoes are too tight. Because of the raised force the epidermis begins to thicken up like the calluses on the hands as you chop wood. Nonetheless, as opposed to chopping timber the stress on the foot from the footwear or toe deformity isn't going to stop and as that pressure continues the epidermis will continue to get thicker. The callus is a much more diffuse region of thickened skin and a corn is a smaller sized but much more discrete and deeper region of thickened epidermis. Eventually it gets so thick it will be sore. A competent podiatrist will be able to remove that painful callus or corn without much difficulties and typically it will no longer end up being sore. However, if the cause of that increased stress is not taken away, then the corn or callus will come back. This is where the myth they may have roots originated from. They're not like organic vegetation which have roots which they grow from. The podiatric doctor didn't neglect to eradicate the root base. They keep returning as the cause is still there.

For you to once and for all do away with a corn on the foot, then the trigger really needs to be eliminated. As soon as the corn has been reduced, after that that should provide fast relief of pain. A good podiatrist will likely then investigate further and determine what might have been causing the corn along with what can be done to remove that cause. It could be as simple as offering shoe tips and using different or much better fitting shoes. In addition, it could be as sophisticated as requiring surgery to, for example, remove a bunion that might have been resulting in the elevated pressure. Sometimes if you have a callus on the bottom of the foot, foot orthotics are often used to minimize the stress in those locations. The important thing to grasp is that foot corns do not possess roots and they've got an underlying cause. If you wish to stop them ever coming back then you need to take off that reason.

bookmark_borderHow to prevent and treat chilblains on the feet?

Chilblains are painful lesions that characteristically show up on the toes in colder climates. They are certainly not due to what is popularly considered as poor circulation but are because of a inadequate reaction of the circulation to changes in temperature in wintry environments. Those people who are healthy with excellent blood flow still get chilblains and the reason for them isn't fully clear. They start out at first as tiny reddish colored areas on the toes which might be itchy. They later on take on a darkish bluish colour as waste products accumulate within the skin. The easiest method to take care of chilblains is to not get them by protecting against them. This can be done by keeping the foot warm instead of letting it become cold. In the event the foot does become cool, then it's extremely important that it is warmed up slowly. A too quick warming up by, for example, putting the cold foot in front of a source of heat is commonly regarded as precisely what results in a chilblain. Once a chilblain develops, different creams may be used to help the blood circulation and encourage the removing of the waste products. It is essential that the chilblain is protected against the shoe pressure with bandages of some kind.

There are actually many unknowns about chilblains that medical research has not yet uncovered. One of those is that there is quite a big group of individuals who once suffered from chilblains and then one winter they just stopped being a problem and have certainly not occurred since. When you search and ask them what exactly changed the year that the chilblains didn't occur, you typically will discover very little. There was no change in their health status or diet or anything that can be recognized. Clearly, when the reason for this could be found then that has the potential to open up an important avenue for controlling people with active chilblains.

bookmark_borderIs overpronation a problem for runners?

You may presume that overpronation is quite like a death sentence for runners when you go through a number of the running websites and social media commentary. Anyone might believe it can easily lead to all the injuries which athletes suffer from and why runners need the particular motion control running shoes or foot orthotics to correct the problem. It really does get talked about in many communities that it is something rather evil which has to be remedied.

Pronation is really a normal motion of the foot in which the ankle rolls inwards and the arch of the foot drop. Overpronation is where there may be an excessive amount of that normal movement. There is no distinct specification of just what exactly overpronation really is and just what can be regarded as normal or abnormal. This condition is alleged to cause a dysfunctional running gait, so extra energy is needed to run. Additionally it is claimed that a foot which overpronates might cause a number of conditions from claw toes to tendon injury to knee injuries. Due to this runners who do overpronate are highly recommended to use foot orthoses to support the feet and make use of the motion control running shoes.

In spite of this, there are many anecdotes of runners who do have a significant serious form of overpronation that never ever get concerns and may run easily. This has resulted in comments that the entire strategy around overpronation is a delusion and isn't really a problem. They're saying it really is invented by those who earn money from foot orthotics as well as running shoes.

However, for those who look at the actual scientific data, then yes overpronation (however you wish to determine it) is an issue in running. The meta-analyses and systematic reviews of all the studies indicate that this is usually a small risk factor for overuse injury in athletes, but that risk continues to be statistically significant. Consequently overpronation is an issue is runners but its perhaps not as big a problem it has been viewed as previously.